Section 1: Knowledge of Emergent Literacy and Reading
Components of Effective Reading Instruction

Florida Standards are directed toward fostering students' understanding and working knowledge of concepts of print, the alphabetic principle, and other basic conventions of the English writing system.

The National Reading Panel published a report in the year 2000 which synthesized research on the essential components of effective reading instruction. In this subsection you will access each of the sections of the publication, Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read, for information summarized from the panel report, including:

Phonological Awareness: the ability to hear and identify individual sounds in spoken words
Phonics: the relationship between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language
Fluency: the capacity to read text accurately and quickly, and with expression
Vocabulary: the words students must know to communicate effectively
Comprehension: the ability to understand and gain meaning from what has been read.

The chart below outlines the National Reading Panel analysis of the five components of reading, which influenced the development of Florida's reading formula.

Florida Standards

Components of Reading Types of Assessment initial
instruction
immediate
intensive intervention
Phonemic Awareness Screening Based on Scientific Research Individualized based on assessment.
Monitored regularly for progress.
Phonics Diagnosis Systematic More intensive instruction of best practices for a longer duration.
Fluency Progress Monitoring Explicit  
Vocabulary      
Comprehension      

Your task in this section is to read the information that relates to each of the research-based components of effective reading instruction. Then review the activities for each component of reading instruction to gain ideas and best practices to teach that area of reading.

The contents in this section will help you meet the following objectives.

  • Learn what research says about effective reading instruction.
  • Identify strategies for teaching phonemic awareness, phonics, and fluency.
  • Identify essential comprehension skills.
  • Identify strategies for vocabulary development.
  • Identify text structures of informational and literary text.
  • Identify critical thinking skills in reading.